Tooth Decay Prevention

Tooth decay is a progressive disease resulting in the interaction of bacteria, that naturally occur on the teeth, and sugars in the everyday diet. Sugar causes a reaction in the bacteria, causing it to produce acids that break down the mineral in teeth, forming a cavity.  Nerve damage in a tooth can result from severe decay and and may require a crown or extraction.  (A crown is like a large filling that can cap a tooth, making it stronger or covering it.)   Avoiding unnecessary decay simply requires strict adherence to a dental hygiene regimen: brushing and flossing twice a day, regular dental checkups, diet control, proper nutrition, and fluoride treatments. Practicing good hygiene avoids unhealthy teeth and costly treatment.


Tooth sealants protect susceptible areas by sealing grooves and depressions in teeth, preventing bacteria and food particles from residing in these areas. For more on dental sealants, visit our Sealants page.


Fluoride is a substance that helps teeth become stronger and resistant to decay. Regularly drinking water treated with fluoride and brushing and flossing regularly ensures a significantly lower risk for cavities.

Thumb Sucking

Sucking is a natural reflex that relaxes and comforts babies and toddlers. Children usually cease thumb sucking when the permanent front teeth are ready to erupt. Typically, children stop between the ages of 2 and 4 years. Thumb sucking that persists beyond the eruption of permanent teeth can cause improper growth of the mouth and misalignment of the teeth. If you notice prolonged and/or vigorous thumb sucking behavior in your child, please address this with our team.

Here are some ways to help your child outgrow thumb sucking: